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Diabetes and Heart Disease

Heart disease can be a complication of having diabetes, I knew that the risks are very small if you keep to a health diet and keep your sugars under control – but I found this article that gave more information. I thought everyone might find it useful.

How are heart disease and diabetes linked?

People suffering from type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more likely to be at risk from heart attacks, strokes and high blood pressure. Vascular problems, such as poor circulation to the legs and feet, are also more likely to affect diabetes patients. Like diabetes itself, the symptoms of cardiovascular disease may go undetected for years.

Who does heart disease affect?

Many people think that heart disease only affects the middle-aged and elderly. However, serious cardiovascular disease may develop in diabetics before the age of 30. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics are at greater risk of developing heart disease.

What is the cause of heart disease amongst diabetics?

Diabetes can change the makeup of blood vessels, and this can lead to cardiovascular disease. The lining of the blood vessels may become thicker, and this in turn can impair blood flow. Heart problems and the possibility of stroke can occur.

What is metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome occurs when a group of metabolic risk factors are present in one person. People who suffer from metabolic syndrome are also at an increased risk of coronary heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.
  • Abnormal abdominal fat tissue
  • Blood fat disorders and plaque build-up in artery walls
  • Insulin resistance or intolerance to glucose
  • High levels of fibrinogen or plasminogen activator inhibitor
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the blood

Metabolic syndrome is incredibly common in the United States, and is increasing throughout the world.

What symptoms can identify heart disease?

Commonly, the following are common symptoms of heart disease, although this may vary from individual to individual.

  • Pain in the chest
  • Short of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swelling of ankles

How can I prevent and treat heart disease?

To prevent heart disease, a number of factors must be considered. It is imperative to control your weight, through regular exercise and a balanced diet. Do not smoke, and limit the amount of alcohol that you drink. Consult a physician and base your prevention plan on their advice.

To assess your risk, it is necessary to take an EKG (electrocardiogram).

Furthermore, if you are concerned you should have cholesterol and blood pressure check-ups, as well as pulse measurement.

Controlling your blood sugar levels is also essential in both treatment and prevention.